Dialysis helps kidneys to filter blood, and remove waste products, toxins, and fluids in the case of acute kidney diseases or failure. It is of two types – hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. In hemodialysis, a machine removes blood from the body to filter it with the help of a dialyzer and this filtered blood gets back into the body. Peritoneal dialysis uses a dialysis solution that contains water, salt, and other cleansing additives to filter blood.
Who needs Dialysis?
People with conditions like high blood pressure and diabetes are at higher risk for kidney failure that requires treatment like dialysis or kidney transplant. A number of kidney function tests are taken to determine the health of the kidneys for proper treatment. Early diagnosis and regular monitoring of kidneys can prolong the functioning of kidneys as long as possible.
Before starting the dialysis procedure, a blood vessel called the arteriovenous fistula is created in the arm by connecting an artery to a vein. This makes the blood vessel larger, stronger, and easier to transfer blood into the dialysis machine and back again. Two thin needles will be inserted into the AV fistula and taped into place. One will slowly remove the blood and transfer it into the dialysis machine, which is made up of a series of membranes and a liquid called dialysate.
The membranes act as filters and remove waste products from the blood, which are passed into the dialysate fluid. The used fluid is pumped out of the dialyser and the filtered blood is pumped back into the body through the second needle. After the session, the needles are removed and a plaster is applied to prevent bleeding.
The Need to Choose Prompt Dialysis Membrane
The dialysis membrane plays a significant role in cleansing the body of a patient with renal complications. Hemodialysis membranes remove excess ions, uremic toxins, water and other fluids with the aid of dialysate. With the recent technological advancements in the specification of dialysers and the membrane characteristics, the efficiency and quality of hemodialysis have improved.
Now, traditional membranes are being replaced by newer types of membranes with relevant characteristics and mechanisms that help in a high degree of internal filtration. Dialysis membranes, being the core of dialysis procedures, must be properly selected. Only the right membrane helps in dealing with the accumulation of certain types of molecules. Whether it is low-flux, high-flux, or adsorptive type, the dialysis membrane should be chosen depending on the condition of the patients. It should also be based on their effect on the treatment outcomes and well-being.
Trivitron’s ‘T’ Dialyser comes integrated with improved membranes and features a stronger ability to remove toxins. It is one of the most advanced dialysers presently available. They have excellent biocompatibility, a stronger ability to remove toxins, a high clearance rate of molecules with small molecular weight, and better anticoagulant properties. Ultrasonic bonding of the cap avoids blood and dialysate leakage. The D-Shape Ring improves the blood shear stress at the edge and prevents the blood residual effectively.
Improper selection of dialysis membranes and the modes of dialysis would result in the inadequacy of blood purification treatment. Hence, it is crucial to choose dialysis membranes that have the capacity to remove targeted molecules effectively.