Prediabetes is a health condition in which the blood sugar levels rise high than the normal level, but is not considered diabetes. The condition has no symptoms, therefore frequent health check-up for conditions related to diabetes is crucial for a healthier life.
Pre-diabetes can occur due to the following:
- Hormonal conditions like acromegaly and Cushing’s syndrome
- Age (45 or above)
- Previous experience with gestational diabetes
- Sleep irregularities or disorders like sleep apnea
- Consumption of medicines like steroids and HIV medications
- Ethnic background
- Parent/ sibling with Type 2 diabetic condition
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
If left unchecked, prediabetes can increase the risk of stroke and cardiac diseases. Bringing blood sugar levels to normal can save one from the peril of impending diabetes and other severe health conditions. To stay on the safer side of life, it is always better to have an improved lifestyle with regular health check-ups.
Prediabetes can be diagnosed or identified with three blood tests: fasting plasma glucose test, 2-hour post 75 g oral glucose challenge test and A1C. These tests help doctors or other medical professionals to analyse the fasting glucose and glucose tolerance levels in patients for timely intervention with lifestyle modifications or medications. When detected early, the patient may not only delay but even prevent the progression of diabetes.
With lifestyle modifications being the primary intervention, it is recommended to reduce the intake of fat, increase the consumption of foods with fibre, quit alcohol and smoking, manage cholesterol and blood pressure with physical activities, and resolve sleep-related disorders. With medication being the secondary intervention for prediabetics, doctors recommend the consumption of metformin to delay the approach of diabetes.
Diabetes can be measured with HbA1c test. The test helps in measuring the quantity of blood sugar in haemoglobin and the results help in making informed decisions.
- Normal: HbA1c below 5.7%
- Prediabetes: HbA1c between 5.7% and 6.4%
- Diabetes: HbA1c of 6.5% or higher
Trivitron offers NANO H5 & NANO H110, which are high-performance liquid chromatography analyzers for HbA1c and Thalassemia detection in less than 3 minutes. The working mechanism is based on ion exchange chromatography and in ion exchange-HPLC, the separation is done based on the charge or ionic strength of the components in a sample mixture. These HPLC-based HbA1c analyzers are used for monitoring diabetes, glycated haemoglobin, thalassemia, and haemoglobin variants.
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