Hepatitis is a medical condition characterized by inflammation of the liver. The disorder commonly occurs as a result of viral infections, nevertheless, alcohol, drugs, toxins, medication, or autoimmune hepatitis (a disease that occurs when natural antibodies are created against the liver) can also lead to the inflammatory condition of the liver.
Types of Hepatitis
There are five types of Hepatitis, namely Hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E. Each strain of the viral condition is caused by a different virus that can have a mild to severe impact on the body.
Hepatitis A is highly contagious and is caused by the hepatitis A virus. It transmits from contaminated food or water or an infected person. It is an acute and short-term disease and practising good hygiene can prevent its spread.
Hepatitis B is caused by the hepatitis B virus and is often a chronic condition that increases the risk of developing liver cancer, liver failure, or cirrhosis. This virus is transmitted from human to human through blood, semen, vaginal secretion, and other bodily fluids. The virus is not transmitted through coughing or sneezing.
Hepatitis C, caused by the hepatitis C virus is a bloodborne infection that can lead to serious liver damage. This is a long-term condition with unacceptable side effects.
Hepatitis D is a rare liver inflammation disorder that can either be acute or chronic. Caused by the hepatitis D virus, also referred to as the hepatitis delta virus occurs in conjunction with the hepatitis B virus.
Hepatitis E is spread amongst humans through the faecal-oral route, chiefly through contaminated water. This inflammatory liver infection is caused by the hepatitis E virus, generally curable but is serious for pregnant women.
Symptoms of Hepatitis
- Pale Stool
- Dark Urine
- Symptoms like flu
- Loss of appetite
- Sudden weight loss
- Abdominal pain
Diagnosis of the Condition
Each type of hepatitis requires a different diagnosis and treatment for the liver to stay healthy and better. Liver function tests, blood tests, liver biopsies, and abdominal ultrasounds are some of the common diagnostic methods for identifying a particular type of hepatitis.
Hepatitis B generally, will take a toll on the body when not diagnosed and treated early. Trivitron Healthcare’s Labsystems HBsAg ELISA KIT helps in diagnosing Hepatitis B Surface Antigens in serum or plasma. The kit is almost adaptable to all ELISA washers and readers. It is primarily intended to screen blood donation samples and eliminate the infected units of blood.
Treatment and Prevention
Various treatment options are available for the treatment of inflammatory liver conditions. The options depend and vary by the type of hepatitis one has. Hepatitis B requires antiviral medication and autoimmune hepatitis needs a drug that suppresses the immune system.
The risk of getting infected by hepatitis can be reduced with timely vaccinations, healthy food habits, avoidance of alcohol and drugs, and hygienic practices.
Hepatitis B is the most common lung infection and can be prevented and treated with advanced medication and therapies. With advancements in diagnostic equipment and solutions, Trivitron Healthcare’s ELISA kits can interpret results accurately and efficiently.